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Common Eye Problems in Children

Common Eye Problems in Children

A recent study by the AAO or American Academy of Ophthalmology revealed that almost 1 in 20 toddlers or preschoolers and 1 in 4 school-age kids have eye problems which if left untreated can result in serious complications like permanent loss of vision. The best way to prevent any serious eye problem is early detection and proper treatment. Therefore, it is every parent’s responsibility to protect their child’s eyesight by always checking for any signs of a condition or problem.
 
It is important to have your children checked as early as 3 years old so their eyes can have a proper assessment. Eye tests are recommended since they can help diagnose serious conditions. Early detection will also prevent severe eye conditions from occurring since ophthalmologist can recommend or prescribe a proper treatment to avoid further complications.
 
Here are common eye problems which results in improper eye care or the lack thereof:
 
Amblyopia
Studies have shown that about 2% of children suffer from this condition, which is also called as lazy eye. This means that one eye is weaker than the other one and the brain turns off images that are received by the weaker eye. The best treatments for amblyopia include surgery, eyeglasses or placing a patch over the stable eye.
 
Strabismus
Crossed or misaligned eyes is a condition wherein one eye appears to look straight ahead but the other eye looks to either left, right, down or up. According to AAP or American Academy of Pediatrics, 4% of children may suffer from this condition. Strabismus can be an in-born condition or it can either be developed during childhood. Treatments include surgery or wearing eyeglasses.
 
Conjunctivitis
The cause of conjunctivitis or pink eye on babies and younger kids is either bacterial or viral infection. Older kids may experience this condition due to allergies. The symptoms include excessive tearing, redness and discharge. It is advisable to contact the pediatrician right away for further tests. Treatments for conjunctivitis include the use of prescribed ointments or eye drops.
 
Astigmatism
This condition can result in blurry vision. There are varying degrees of astigmatism and if the condition is detected early, then the most feasible solution is to wear prescription glasses.
 
Myopia
Myopia or nearsightedness is fortunately a rare condition among babies and toddlers. However, it is more common in older kids. With myopia, the child is not able to clearly see objects that are far away. The best treatment for this concern is prescription glasses.
 
Hyperopia
Farsightedness is when the child is having trouble seeing objects up close. If the condition is severe, then eyeglasses can help improve the child’s vision.